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Biography of Dr. Charles F. 'Bud' Galway
Late of Red Lake, Ont. and Minneapolis Mn

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Biography of Dr. C.F. "Bud" Galway

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Charles F Galway Dr. Charles Frederick "Bud" Galway was born March 4, 1908 in Belleville, Ontario to a family of modest means. His father Hugh Galway was a "blue collar" worker but one with a deep sense of pride in his work as a plumber and tinsmith. His older sister Jean Galway was an honours student and in later years held an important post at the Northern Miner newspaper in Toronto. It was this connection to the Pearse family that led to his involvement in the mining industry in his late teenage years.

His nickname "Bud" derived from the fact that in early years his sister was unable to pronounce his christian name and resorted to calling him my "budder".

The history of the Galways in Hastings County dates back to the early 1840's when John Galway emigrated to Canada from County Down in Ireland. He arrived in the fall of 1841 with his wife Eliza and three children. The youngest was Hugh Henry Galway, Bud Galways grandfather. Over the next few years John Galway farmed in Madoc Township, Hastings County and added six more children to his brood.. In 1860, he became the Township Collector and Clerk.

Hugh Galway obtained his own parcel of land in an inhospital and tough farming area of Madoc Twp. located just inside the Canadian Shield. He married the eldest daughter of a prosperous farmer located in the nearby but a more productive area fashioned by the St. Lawrence lowlands. The Galway and MacKinnon properties appear on the historic 1878 map of the area now held in the Archives of McGill University.

Hugh and Anne (Mackinnon) Galway struggled to make ends meet and raise two children but soon gave up on their rugged and rock 100 acre plot. They were hearing stories of far away California from neighbours who had made the trek and in 1879 left Canada to homestead property in Butte County, California. The rumours of a second California Gold Rush gave the final push to go west.

Unfortunately, the decision was to have unforeseen consequences. Within a year of arrival, Hugh Galway was gravely injured when assaulted on the property of a mining claim that he had obtained close to his new farming property. Not only did this leave Anne MacKinnon Galway a widow and two children, Fred and Mary Jane Galway fatherless but within a couple of months a further sibling Hugh Galway Jr. arrived on the scene. The presence of the Galway's in California is noted in the 1881 California census.(minus Hugh).

Anne MacKinnon Galway was filled with the pioneer spirit of never standing still when something needs doing. Within a few months of the demise of her husband, she arranged return to Hastings County where she resettled with her three children. She remarried shortly after her return and moved to Belleville. Fred Galway moved on to a Railroad career with the Grand Trunk Line and died in a Rwy Accident in St. Paul Minnesota. The sister Mary Jane married quite young and moved to Baltimore, Md. then upstate NY

The 1901 Canadian Census lists Hugh Henry Galway as a boarder in the home of his mother and stepfather Walter Badgley. Within a year he was apprenticed and learning his trade in Belleville with the John Lewis Company. He married Nel Lavell of Trenton in 1904 and lived his entire live in Belleville, where Jean Galway and Bud Galway completed their public school education.

Bud Galway was a gifted athlete particularly in Track & Field events. He finished second to the famous Percy Williams in the pre-Olympic trials for the 1928 Games. Financial circumstances cut short a potential career on the cinders.

Jean Marion Galway It was at this time he was introduced by his sister Jean Lawrence to the principals of the Northern Miner newspaper (Pearse Family) where he obtained a letter of introduction to the staff of the Wright-Hargreaves gold mine in the Kirkland Lake area. This was the spring and summer of 1926, the year that he completed high school. During that period in the Kirkland Lake Gold Field he learned the trade of Sampler and Assayer.

Perhaps of greater importance, was he learned the game of poker in the bunkhouses of the Lakeshore and WH Mines. In fact, he became very skilled at cards and soon was supplementing his earnings as a surface hand at Wright Hargreaves with even greater amounts of cash taken from the tables on his late night poker rounds on 'Payday'. By the end of the summer, he had more than enough to think about enrolling in University. That fall he entered Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario as a medical Student. He explained his choice as being one of simple common sense without any hint of altruism. The opening at Queen's was either in Economics or in Medical School and the tuition was less in the latter.

During his summer vacations away from the six year undergraduate program, Bud Galway returned to work in the mining field. The only exception was the summer of his second last year at Queen's when he made an out of character decision and obtained work in Quebec City at the Chateau Frontenac Hotel as a 'Bus Boy' and 'Waiter'. He explained this away as being based on a decision to improve his ability to speak french which would be necessary when he established a practice in the north country.

During 1927 and 1928 he expanded his contacts in the mining business while maintaining his liason with the Northern Miner staff. In addition, he added to his contacts through his growing acquaintance with mining engineering students at Queen's. One of these was John Kostuik Sr. who later became President of Denison Mines in Elliott Lake. In fact, Mr. Kostuik worked as a shift boss at the Red Lake Howey and Gold Shore properties in the early 1930's while Bud Galway was at the McKenzie Red Lake property. The two of them became reacquainted over the card table in Red Lake.

On a personal note, Mr Kostuik whose son John was an Orthopaedic Surgical colleague, in an aside at a conference, told me he never understood why his winnings from bridge partnered with my father were so large until it was explained that the winnings were based on a dollar a point and not one cent a point, which he understood to be the case from the mumbled instructions that he was given the first night they played together. He indicated that it was just dumb luck that he was transferred out of Red Lake a few months into his unanticipated winning card career, as he knew that a big loss was just around the corner.

During the exploration season of 1929 and 1930 'Bud' Galway made the acquaintance of the mining promoter and prospector Gilbert LaBine of Pembroke, Ontario, who with his brother Charles had formed a company in 1926, Eldorado Gold Mines in Manitoba. They did find gold at Eldorado, but the ore was poor and the mine was not as productive as hoped. It did however, provide them with the finances that they needed to move further afield. This early strategy of Charles being the businessman of the company and Gilbert the rough-and-ready prospector continued throughout their careers. After much discussion, a wary group of stockholders passed a bylaw that would let the brothers use the available cash in the company to further their exploratory work.

With this authorization Gilbert LaBine returned to prospecting and conducted an aerial inspection of Great Bear Lake far north of Edmonton in the Northwest Territories - 1100 miles from the nearest railway in an empty land inhabited only by a few first nation peoples. This exploration was only made possible by the heroics of a few brave bush pilots such as Leigh Brintnell and Punch Dickens, both of whom flew Labine and his party in 1929 and again in 1930. In fact, it was one of the pilots that called attention to an unusual coloured rock outcrop on the shore of the west end of Great Bear Lake that made Labine focus on that particular geographic area. The telltale sign of "Cobalt Bloom" was known to LaBine from his prospecting days in the silver district of Cobalt, Ontario.

It was the discovery of this Cobalt and Pitchblende ore body in the spring of 1930 by By Gilbert LaBine, and his mining companion Charles St. Paul (later of Red Lake) that led to the formation Of Eldorado Uranium Mines and everything else that followed this historical geological find.

It was on this trip in 1930 that led to "Bud" Galway being awarded the Governor Generals Medal for Bravery. He attempted to rescue a companion that had fallen into the frigid ice filled waters of the rapidly flowing Camsell River that empties the Great Bear lake at its south east end to the Artic Ocean. Both men were swept downstream by the relentless current succumbing to hypothermia within minutes of their exposure. Thrown up on shore in a back eddy, with little vital energy he dragged his companion ashore only to see him expire a short time later due to the extreme exposure suffered in the frigid ice filled waters of the Camsell. This scarred Bud Galway deeply and he spoke of this incidence but once in his lifetime. In fact, he never attended his Graduation ceremony at Queen's University in 1932 when the medal was to be presented by Dean Ettinger of the Medical School.

It was in 1962, sixty years this year, when I was completing my undergraduate year in medicine at University of Toronto that I had occasion to visit the Registrar's Office at Queen's on another matter when the Registrar Jean Royce, on hearing my name, asked that I attend upon the Dean's Office later that day. I did so, and on that occasion Dr. Ettinger, the retired elderly Dean who continued to hold office at the Queen's Medical Faculty, reached into the lower drawer of his desk and pulled out a black velvet and leather case and presented me with the medal that had graced the interior of his desk for thirty years.

I passed that Medal on to my father the late Charles Frederick "Bud" Galway at the occasion of my own graduation from Medicine at UofT in May of 1963. It was on that occasion that I heard the full story of that tragic event.... an event in which the name of the lost companion has escaped the pages of history.

It was the following year that C.F. Galway graduated in medicine from Queen's University with a MB.CHb. degree. In those days, an internship was not a requirement for obtaining a Licence to Practice. The day following his last exam, he headed for Toronto to apply for a job with the Government of Canada in an overseas posting. This application was turned down leaving him at loose ends. A supper that evening with a mining promoter in the Toronto Financial District was more productive as later that night Bud Galway embarked on the Trans Continental Railway from Union Station for Savant Lake and Pickle Crow to work as an Assayer.

After a summer in that area of the Patricia District where he thought he might set up medical practice only to find the local doctor renege on turning over his practice at the last minute , he had an opportunity to talk with Jack Hammell and Mining engineer and life long friend W.P Mackle who suggested that he consider going to Red Lake which was enjoying another exploration boom with the price of gold rising from $20 to $35 per ounce. To make the suggestion more attractive was the promise that he would be able to be appointed the Postmaster at McKenzie Island if the plans to bring the property into production in early 1933 met with success.

Once again, an quick and definitive decision was made, one that led Bud Galway to work his way in to Red Lake area the Fall of 1932 by dog team over the frozen Lac Seul and Chukuni River system. A sojourn in the bush that lasted over twenty years. (1932-1962)
CFG & George Drew
It was during this time that he built and equipped the McKenzie Island Hospital and in the early 1940's built the first Margaret Cochenour Memorial Hospital. Throughout those years he was available 24/7 to the McKenzie, Cochenour and Balmertown communities as well as the first nation peoples.

In addition, he travelled to Red Lake to assist that medical community including Dr. Joe McCammon among others. In addition he provide care to Madsen, Starratt Olsen and other outlying communities both by water and by air whenever an emergency arose especially when evacuation was not an option. About his years in Red Lake area , he once recalled that he had delivered more than 2000 babies and marked that as the reward that came for two decades as a doctor in the "Bush".

In addition to his medical practice, Doc Galway grubstake several prospectors such as the colorful characters Hans Pokum and Windy Bill MacDonald. He also established the Patricia Diamond Drilling Company with Joe Zagazowsk and drilled as far afield as Elliot lake & Blind river. His major undertaking which tasked him for both time and money was the Chukuni Lumber Company which first was located at Snake falls and later relocated to Ear falls, Ontario. This is now under management by the forestry giant Weyerhauser Corporation

In closing, there is symmetry in the fact that both he and Dr. Joe McCammon completed specialty training in Anaesthesiology at the Minnesota and the Mayo Clinic after their departure from Red Lake. In addition, Bud Galway obtained a PhD in Cardiac Physiology while in his mid fifties and while head of a University Department of Anaesthesiology in Minneapolis/St. Paul, was instrumental in introducing new life saving techniques such as Tracheal-Bronchial Lavage in the latter years of his medical practice.

Dr. Charles Frederick "Bud" Galway passed away in Minneapolis Minnesota, November 22, 1999 at 91 years of age. His epitaph could read the same as William Butler Yeats taken from the last lines of "Under Ben Bulben", one of his final poems:

Cast a cold Eye
On Life, on Death.
Horseman, pass by!

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